Somewhere in your PCF you will handle a value change. In my case, I have added a listener to the input change event that will call a function called “inputOnChange”. In this function, we must handle the valid value as well. So we have to set “this._inputValidReturnValue” to true if the input is a valid value or to false if it is not. At the end, we have to call the “notifyOutputChanged” function.
See a simplified version of the “inputOnChange” function of my CheckPhoneNumberControl below.
Unfortunately, I still have one problem with it now. Since the “inputValid” output needs to be set every time a change is made, we must call the “_notifyOutputChanged” function in either way. Calling the function will, unfortunately, also promote any change to the real input. This leads to updating the underlying field even when the input is not valid. The desired behavior would be to only promote the “inputValid” value but not the actual input value. I haven’t found an appropriate solution to it, yet. So, if you have one feel free to reach out to me.
Update:Diana Birkelbach reached out to me via LinkedIn. She mentioned one of her blog posts that is explaining how to fix the mentioned problem. Thanks for that. I have updated the “Handle “getOutputs”” section of this post accordingly.
Configure CDS MDA
If you have deployed your PCF to your CDS environment we have to configure everything in CDS to be able to use the functionality.
Add additional field
We must add an additional field on the entity you would like to use your PCF with.
In our example, we will use the CheckPhoneNumberControl in the cell phone field of the contact entity. Therefore, we will add an additional field to the contact entity which is called “inputValid”. The type should be “Two Options”.
On the form we must configure several things.
First, we must add our two fields to the form.
Since we still cannot add PCF controls to fields in the new make portal i have added the fields as well in the legacy editor.
In a production use you could/should hide the “inputValid” field, since it only should/will be used by the application and never by the end-user.
Add PCF as control
When the fields are added to the form, we can add our PCF control to the “Mobile Phone” field. If you double click on the field, it will open the “Field Properties” pop-up. In the pop-up, you navigate to the “Controls” tab. To add your PCF as the control you click on the “Add Control…” link, as shown in the following screenshot.
In the new pop-up, you can choose your PCF from the list of available controls and press “Add”.
After that, you choose the small pen symbol beside your “Input Valid field” to bind the additional “inputValid” field.
The Field Properties should now look something like this.
After saving the form and publishing it the form configuration is completed.
The result will be something like the following.
Prevent saving the form
There are now two different approaches to how you could prevent the form to save when the field value is not valid.
Via a Business Rule
To prevent the form of saving via a Business Rule (BR) we have to create a rather simple BR.
It will only have one condition and one action
The Condition should check whether our “inputValid” field is false.
The action should be of type “Show Error Message” and add an error message to either our mobile phone or inputValid field.
When trying to save the form the BR will show an error on the input, on the top of the page and prevent the form of saving.
Positive with this solution is, that you don’t need a developer to implement the save prevention.
Negative is that the message is “hard coded” and there is no way of translating it if you use different languages in your solution.
The code should check our “inputValid” field. If it is false it should add a notification and prevent the form from saving.
Note: getEventArgs().preventDefault(); is only available on the “onSaveContext”.
Since every notification requires a unique id I have hard coded one in this snippet.
This code must be added to some JS web resource in your CDS.
Add function to onSave event
After creating the web resource, we can add the function to an event handler.
To do this we have to open the form properties (unfortunately again in the legacy editor)
In the now opened pop-up we have to add our web resource as an library first. To do this we use the “Add” button in the “Form libraries” section.
In the new pop-up we will search for our web resource and add it.
The next step is to add an event handler on the onSave event of the form. To do so we will change the “Event” dropdown in the second section, “Event Handlers”, of the form properties to “OnSave” and use the “Add” button.
We have to choose our library, write in the name of our function (for the demo it is “CheckIfMobilePhoneIsValid”) and check the checkBox besides “Pass execution context as first parameter”.
Now our form properties should look like this.
When trying to save the form the script will show an error on the top of the page and prevent the form of saving.
A good thing with this approach is, that you could translate your message based on the users language.
To implement this you need a developer. Another con is that you might have compatibility problems in the future, when MS changes something on the API.
In this use case, we can clearly see that the PowerApps Component Framework is not 100% mature yet. There are some things that still need improvement.
But there is a workaround for most of the cases. At least for my scenarios, I was, until now, always able to find one.
I hope you enjoyed this article. Please leave me a comment or contact me in another way if you have any questions or feedback.
Dynamics 365 and Power Platform Developer & Solution Architect
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